Thursday, December 27, 2012

Thank you all who supported our xmas event at Katangi Disabled School at yatta , Thank you once more for supporting Happy New Year 2013
Prexy Nzembi Kilele at Katangi Special School , we thank all members of Katangi Online and other supporter who Joined us together with Teachers for the big Xmas support. 
wishing happy new year 2013

Thursday, December 13, 2012

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 What is a Disability?
A disability is a condition or function judged to be significantly impaired relative to the usual standard of an individual or group. The term is used to refer to individual functioning, including physical impairment, sensory impairment, cognitive impairment, intellectual impairment mental illness, and various types of chronic disease.
Disability is conceptualized as being a multidimensional experience for the person involved. There may be effects on organs or body parts and there may be effects on a person's participation in areas of life. Correspondingly, three dimensions of disability are recognized in ICF: body structure and function (and impairment thereof), activity (and activity restrictions) and participation (and participation restrictions). The classification also recognizes the role of physical and social environmental factors in affecting disability outcomes.

Types of Disabilities
Types of disabilities include various physical and mental impairments that can hamper or reduce a person's ability to carry out his day to day activities. These impairments can be termed as disability of the person to do his or her day to day activities.
These impairments can be termed as disability of the person to do his day to day activities as previously. "Disability" can be broken down into a number of broad sub-categories, which include the following:

D) Mobility and Physical Impairments
This category of disability includes people with varying types of physical disabilities including:
Upper limb(s) disability.
Lower limb(s) disability
Manual dexterity.
Disability in co-ordination with different organs of the body.
Disability in mobility can be either an in-born or acquired with age problem. It could also be the effect of a disease. People who have a broken bone also fall into this category of disability.

B) Spinal Cord Disability:
Spinal cord injury (SCI) can sometimes lead to lifelong disabilities. This kind of injury mostly occurs due to severe accidents. The injury can be either complete or incomplete. In an incomplete injury, the messages conveyed by the spinal cord is not completely lost. Whereas a complete injury results in a total dis-functioning of the sensory organs. In some cases spinal cord disability can be a birth defect.

C) Head Injuries - Brain Disability
A disability in the brain occurs due to a brain injury. The magnitude of the brain injury can range from mild, moderate and severe. There are two types of brain injuries:
Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
ABI is not a hereditary type defect but is the degeneration that occurs after birth.
The causes of such cases of injury are many and are mainly because of external forces applied to the body parts. TBI results in emotional dysfunctioning and behavioral disturbance.

D) Vision Disibility
There are hundreds of thousands of people that suffer from minor to various serious vision disability or impairments. These injuries can also result into some serious problems or diseases like blindness and ocular trauma, to name a few. Some of the common vision impairment includes scratched cornea, scratches on the sclera, diabetes related eye conditions, dry eyes and corneal graft.

E) Hearing Disability
Hearing disabilities includes people that are completely or partially deaf, (Deaf is the politically correct term for a person with hearing impairment).
People who are partially deaf can often use hearing aids to assist their hearing. Deafness can be evident at birth or occur later in life from several biologic causes, for example Meningitis can damage the auditory nerve or the cochlea.
Deaf people use sign language as a means of communication. Hundreds of sign languages are in use around the world. In linguistic terms, sign languages are as rich and complex as any oral language, despite the common misconception that they are not "real languages".

F) Cognitive or Learning Disabilites
Cognitive Disabilities are kind of impairment present in people who are suffering from dyslexia and various other learning difficulties and includes speech disorders.

G) Psychological Disorders
Affective Disorders: Disorders of mood or feeling states either short or long term. Mental Health Impairment is the term used to describe people who have experienced psychiatric problems or illness such as:
Personality Disorders - Defined as deeply inadequate patterns of behavior and thought of sufficient severity to cause significant impairment to day-to-day activities.
Schizophrenia: A mental disorder characterized by disturbances of thinking, mood, and behavior.

H) Invisible Disabilities
Invisible Disabilities are disabilities that are not immediately apparent to others. It is estimated that 10% of people in the U.S. have a medical condition considered a type of invisible disability.

The Evolution of a Movement
Historically, disabilities have often been cast in a negative light. An individual thus affected was seen as being a “patient” subject either to cure or to ongoing medical care. His condition is seen as disabling; the social reactions to it are justified, and the barriers unavoidable. This position is known as the medical model of disability. See the list of Definitions of The Models of Disability for further information.
Over the past 20 years, a competing view known as the social model of disability has come to the fore. In this model, disability is seen more as a social construction than a medical reality. An individual may be impaired by a condition that requires daily living adaptations, but the bulk of his problem - his disability - can be found in the attitudinal and physical barriers erected by society.
Both the medical and social models agree, to a point, that facilities and opportunities should be made as accessible as possible to individuals who require adaptations. Dismantling physical barriers, or setting up adaptations such as wheelchair ramps, is known as "fostering accessibility".

The Language and Terminology of Disability
Within the disability sector generally language matters. For a group of people who have been so relentlessly described in disparaging, reductionist and exclusivist terms, language matters profoundly. This is not unique to people with a disability. In civil rights movements around race, gender, nationality and sexuality, language has been a cornerstone of achieving respect and inclusion.
The term disability has replaced the older designations spastic, handicapped, and crippled. While these two designations can be used interchangeably, proponents of the social model of disability have appropriated the latter term to describe those social and economic consequences of the former. An individual with a physical or intellectual disability, then, is said to be "handicapped" by the lowered expectations of society.
A person may also be "impaired" either by a correctable condition such as myopia, or by an uncorrectable one such as cerebral palsy. For those with mild conditions, related impairments disappear with the application of corrective devices. More serious impairments call for adaptive equipment.
In the United Kingdom, people within the disability rights movement commonly use the term "Disabled" to denote someone who is "disabled by society's inability to accommodate all of its inhabitants."
The Person First Movement has added another layer to this discourse by asking that people with disabilities be identified first as individuals. "Person First Language" -- referring, for example, to a “woman who is blind,” rather than to "a blind woman" - is a form of political correctness designed to further the aims of the social model by removing attitudinal barriers.
Some people with disabilities support the Person First Movement, while others do not. People who are Deaf in particular may see themselves as members of a specific community, properly called the Deaf culture, and so will reject efforts designed to distance them from the central fact of their identity.
A human rights based approach has been adopted by many organizations of and for disabled people. In 2000, for example, the United Nations Assembly decided to start working on a comprehensive convention for the rights of disabled people.

Citation: Disabled World News - Definition of disability including types of disabilities and the social model of disabilities:

Saturday, December 8, 2012



Citizens' Voice: Pushing for Change
WRA Kenya is raising awareness of the Government commitments at all levels of society and building champions to work towards making sure these commitments are delivered.
WRA-K Team Members Attend Annual General Meeting in Tanzania
Three Kenyan team members attended the WRA Annual General Meeting (AGM)and workshop in Tanzania in November last year. A commitment by WRA-K to "Raise the visibility of Maternaland Neonatal Healthin Kenya and ensure that MDG 5 is no longer the forgotten goal" was made. WRA-K received a certificate for Pioneering Safe Motherhood in Kenya during the AGM.

The WRA-K team during the Annual General Meeting in Tanzania

Angela Nguku, WRA-K coordinator, with His Excellency the President of Tanzania, Dr. Kikwete

Membership Drive
WRA-Kenya has continued with its membership drive, and its membership has grown. The current membership is over 400 organizational and individual members. A vigorous organizational membership drive is currently underway.

Madam Ida Odinga Becomes WRA-K Patron
WRA-Kenya got its patron, Madam Ida Odinga, on board. Madam Ida is the Wife to the Kenyan Prime Minister, Hon. Raila Odinga, and a very strong supporter of the girl child and women.

Madam Ida givesan address during a recent media breakfast to raise the profile of maternal health in Kenya

WRA-KForms a Core Committee
A core committee comprising 17 members was formed and comprises of representatives from: USAID, DFID, WHO, AMREF, JHPIEGO, ENGENDERHEALTH, HENNET, MOPHS, FCI, University of Nairobi, The Nurses and Midwifery Council, Population Council, private practice and CSOs.

WRA-K Receives a Visit from the Global Office
In February, WRA-K was privileged to host a guest from the global secretariat of WRA. Lisa Bowen, the point person for WRA-K, visited Kenya and got to meet with core committee members. She also helped prepare for the strategic planning process for WRA-K and got a feel of the situation in Kenya.

Core Committee members with Lisa Bowen,Program Advisor for the WRAGlobal Secretariat, during a recent meeting

Pre-International Women's Day Activities
As part of its advocacy activities and in rallying towards the International Women’s Day, WRA-K held a number of key activities which included radio talk shows, TV talk shows, and advocacy events, among others. A media guide was developed and key statistics well-formulated for the WRA-K members who were going to speak on TV and radio.

Media Support for Maternal and Neonatal Health (MNH)in Kenya
WRA-K approached media houses to raise the visibility and profile of MNH in Kenya. The media responded and gave WRA-K airtime.
  • WRA-K has been hosted by the Kenya Television Network (KTN), one of the leading TV stations in Kenya, to air key issues affecting women and children and contributing to theirs deaths, as well as what needs to be done.
  • Four local FM stations have given WRA-K airtime to air issues on maternal health and advocate for every Kenyan to play their part. Such radio talk shows are held weekly.
  • The media has redirected its efforts to airing issues on maternal health. Newspapers have been running clips on maternal health.
The Media Breakfast
WRA-K held a media breakfast on the 26th of February to alert the media on the state of maternal health in Kenya and to orient them to the grim picture of MNH in the country. This was held at the Sarova Stanley Hotel and officiated by Madam Ida Odinga, WRA-K Patron. Madam Ida called on the media to bring out the issue of maternal mortality into the forefront for every Kenyan, and especially for the media to:
  • Advocate to government and partners to allocatemore financial resources within the budget towards initiatives and programmes dedicated to saving mothers’ lives.
  • Raise awareness on the magnitude and consequences of maternal death in Kenya.
  • Educate the public on their roles and responsibilities in addressing this preventable situation. This entails accurate, unbiased research and reporting.
  • Call onmen to act as partners in the prevention of deaths of their mothers, wives, friends, relatives, and daughters.
The event wasattended by over 20 different media representatives and key maternal health stakeholders in the country.

WRA-K Chair Dr. Kidula delivers her address to the media
The media response was overwhelming. On that day alone:
  • Almost all TV stations aired the issues raised, and leading newspapers reported on the issues the following day.
  • Media personnel joined WRA-K.
  • Journalists have been looking for information to report on the state of maternal health from WRA-K.
  • The profile of maternal health reporting has been raised, and an article is posted almost every week.

Kenya Recognizes International Women's Day
1. Wearing White for Mothers and Planting Trees on InternationalWomen's Day
WRA-K membersat AMREF dressed in white on International Women's Day and plantedtwo trees - onenamed Tumaini (which means "there is hope for mothers") anda second one named Makumbusho (in memory of all those who have died in pregnancy and childbirth). The treesare doing well under the watchful eyes of WRA-KNationalCoordinator, Angela Nguku.

WRA-K members plant trees in honor of mothers and those who have died in pregnancy and childbirth
2. Kilele Foundation Holds Event
Kilele Foundation,a member of WRA-Kenya, held an impressive event at Yatta which was aimed at raising awareness on the state of maternal and neonatal health in the region. This is a region which has low health facility deliveries. The event was attended by over 500 people. Men were also reminded of their duty to take control of maternal and neonatal health in their households.

Invitation to Forums
WRA-K was invited to a Maternal,Neonatal and Child Health (MNCH)stakeholder’s workshop on acceleration of attainment of MDGs 4 and 5. This was aimed at drawing up high-impact interventions, all geared at drastically reducing Maternal, Neonatal and Child Deaths in Kenya. WRA-K presented best practices borrowed from other countries, some of which were borrowed and adopted for Kenya.
WRA-K was also invited by the NACPD to share the Birth Atlas with members of parliament (MPs) during a breakfast meeting. This was a meeting to present to MPs the importance of family planning as a tool to help Kenya achieve its Vision 2030. The Birth Atlas was hailed as a true representation of regional disparities in terms of MNCH and a tool to use to push for the leadership from these areas to move faster to avert these calamities.
WRA-K gave a presentation on "Raising the profile/visibility of MNCH in Kenya" during the annual Kenya Obstetrics and Gynaecology Society of Kenya Conference held in February.Three obstetricians joined WRA-K.

WRA-K Attends African Union Planning Meeting in Malawi
Twomembers from WRA-K took part in the African Union planning meeting in Malawi aimed at strategising the way forward for maternal health in Sub-Saharan Africa. This was aimed at drawing up a common theme for advocacy. The two included the WRA-K chair and a member drawn from the media.

Documentaries on the State of MaternalHealth in Kenya
WRA-K teamed up with a leading TV station in Kenya to carry out a TV version of "Stories of Mothers Lost" in one of the biggest urban slums in Nairobi. The stories highlighted the grim picture of women in the city’s urban slums and what the residents needed done to address this. The documentary,"Tales of Difficulty Motherhood in the Slums," was aired on prime time news and also during other news times by the same station. This was during the month of March after International Women's Day.
In April, WRA-K also carried out a documentary with another leading media house to highlight the plight of women in another slum in Nairobi. This documentary, capturing the deplorable conditions facing mothers during pregnancy and childbirth in Kenya, was a special tribute to mothers on Mothers' Day.
WRA-K has become a centre of media focus, especially on issues related to maternal health, and is a reference for media on issues of maternal health in the country, including special features on issues affecting women’s health.
WRA-Kenya Patron Madam Ida recently attended a luncheon hosted by AMREF USA and aimed at highlighting the plight of African women and girls.

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

Kilele Foundation Kenya and Yvonne Khamati Foundation we asking if you part of Machakos , Kitui , and Makueni county where we have Jigger Infestation please inbox us we are going to visit and do jigger campaign and we are to Kick Jiggers out your village.

Sunday, December 2, 2012

International Day of People living with Disability (December 3)
This year is the 20th anniversary of International Day of People with Disability (IDPwD), a United Nations sanctioned day that aims to promote an understanding of people with
disability and encourage support for their dignity, rights and well-being. The day seeks to increase awareness of the benefits of the integration of people with disability in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.

Saturday, December 1, 2012

World AIDS Day on 1 December brings together people from around the world to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS and demonstrate international solidarity in the face of the pandemic. The day is an opportunity for public and private partners to spread awareness about the status of the pandemic and encourage progress in HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care in high prevalence countries and around the world.